Analysis of cell surface alterations in Legionella pneumophila cells treated with human apolipoprotein E

Marta Palusińska-Szysz, Agnieszka Zdybicka-Barabas, Małgorzata Cytryńska, Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel, Elżbieta Chmiel & Wiesław I. Gruszecki

TBinding of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) to Legionella pneumophila lipopolysaccharide was analysed at the molecular level by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, thereby providing biophysical evidence for apoE-L. pneumophila lipopolysaccharide interaction. Atomic force microscopy imaging of apoE-exposed L. pneumophila cells revealed alterations in the bacterial cell surface topography and nanomechanical properties in comparison with control bacteria. The changes induced by apoE binding to lipopolysaccharide on the surface of L. pneumophila cells may participate in: (1) impeding the penetration of host cells by the bacteria;
(2) suppression of pathogen intracellular growth and eventually; and (3) inhibition of the development of infection.